reasons for baby not gaining weight
A newborn baby brings with it a lot of happiness, surprises, pleasure, and worries. Your newborn baby after birth will lose some weight. It is a process of eliminating meconium and urine. Babies regain their weight in three weeks. If the Baby Not Gaining Weight after a week you should try to help.
After birth, babies losing weight is common, but it should not lose weight more than 10% of its birth time weight. In case a baby loses more weight or does not get back the weight in three weeks, you must consult a health professional.
Your baby is not gaining weight; though you are breastfeeding, it is an indication to give more breastfeeds. You can also consult your doctor to understand how to make your baby increase the intake of breastmilk. If there is a new mother’s support session available nearby in the local areas, visit it. You may use this opportunity to meet other mums and their newborn babies. It will be very helpful.
Knowing the Average Weight gain For Babies
A common way of understanding the baby’s growth is through its weight gain. It means one should know the average weight gain in babies. With the growth of babies, a comfort pours within us. The key indicators in babies are weight gain. It is in association with height in length. It becomes important to observe for the parents to understand the weight gain.
A newborn baby’s average weight is 2/5 and 3.5 kg. It is natural to lose weight for the babies after birth. It is a normal process of losing around 10% of birth weight in the initial days. However, anything more or less is observed closely by the health nurse. The lost weight is back in 2 weeks. The weight gain takes more time to rebound in premature babies and breastfed babies.
The weight gain in babies on an average per day is 25 grams. It continues for the next three months and again reduces for the next two quarters. The weighting pattern keeps shifting in the second quarter to 20 grams and in the third quarter to 15 grams. The average gain in a month for a newborn baby is as per week inclusion of 175 to 200 grams. Thus, it accounts per month to 700 to 800 grams.
The baby thus increases in weight and becomes in five or six months to double the weight. You can see it double when your baby receives the right nutrition. A baby feeding on a bottle gains lesser weight than a breastfed baby.
Reasons for failure to thrive
Children having serious medical issues in the early years develop the failure to thrive. It is a crucial problem that puts the parents of the baby into trouble and confusion.
- Prematurely born children have lesser birth weight and it may fail to thrive. The biggest reason to fail to thrive is not receiving enough calories.
- Damage to the central nervous system can cause difficulties in feeding the infant that there is a failure to thrive.
- Lung or heart problems affect the nutrients moving through the body. Even other blood disorders or anemia affect feeding or eating that thriving becomes difficult.
- Babies with gastrointestinal problems are unable to absorb nutrients. It causes an inability of digestive enzymes.
There are reasons for a baby causing failure to thrive. It is apparent when the ideal weight is not as per their height, age, and sex. Such children stay below the weight range persistently. Here are some things you can do about slow weight gain.
1. Not getting enough calories
Different things trouble newborn babies. One such is not getting enough calories. A caregiver or a parent incorrectly measuring or mixing the formula ends up in the lacking infant calories. Breastfeeding problems or even beginning with solids cause failure to thrive.
The apparent symptom is the size that shows slow weight gain. Without enough calories, your child appears smaller to others in the same age. It includes height, weight, and head size. In case your baby is not receiving enough calories, these symptoms are noticeable:
- Extreme sleepiness
- Losing interest in things around them
- Missing physical milestones, sitting up, not rolling over, walking, or doing other things of the same age.
- Frequent fussiness and crying.
There might be a need to increase the number of calories, which is possible by adding formula powder to breast milk. The combination is acceptable once you consult with your health care provider.
2. Baby not eating enough
Your baby may not eat enough, and if so, she will not feel satisfied. Under such situations, even after feeding, your baby will stay irritable and cry constantly. After birth, in a few weeks, breastfed babies have fewer bowel movements than before.
The infant’s poor feeding results in mothers’ lesser interest in feeding. In this way, the baby fails to receive essential nutrition that is a must for adequate growth. The lack of feeding is associated with poor growth and leads to failure to thrive condition.
If an illness is not the main reason for appetite loss in your baby, there may be other reasons. You should try to find out why your baby is not eating enough. The causes may be anything such as your child is drinking other liquids such as juices between meals. It may be keeping your baby full, and so your baby is not eating enough while you are breastfeeding.
3. Digestive problems
Many digestive problems are affecting babies. It ranges from spitting up to feeding intolerance. The more crucial problems include digestive system abnormalities and vomiting.
The symptoms indicating the baby has gastrointestinal issues include vomiting, dribbling milk, and spitting up after feedings or burps is common. It is because the sphincter muscle between the esophagus and the stomach is immature and weak.
Simple home remedies can help in curing indigestion in babies such as giving:
- Warm compression
- Breast milk
- Breastfeeding position
- Burping correctly
- Gripe water homemade
The digestive problem symptoms indicate gastrointestinal problems in a baby. With time, the digestion capacity will increase. The digestive system of a baby at six months will mature enough. They can digest solid and complex food substances. The foods substances can include protein, starch, and fat from a non-milk diet.
4. Food intolerance
The intolerance of food is also common in babies as they experience lactose intolerance. It means the babies face difficulty in digesting the milk that is lactose with sugar. It causes wind, bloating, and diarrhea. The food intolerance symptoms also come slowly, and after many hours of eating that it is not easy to diagnose.
In case you believe your child has a food intolerance, you may consult your health practitioner. It is best to consult them and eliminate foods from the diet plan of your baby. Most children having lactose intolerance can consume the lactose in small amounts without symptoms.
Seek nutritional advice because milk is important for babies. You cannot skip certain important nutrients from the diet of your baby. If your baby has a food intolerance, it is stressful. However, most food intolerances are mild and are manageable. It is because now there are more choices and options available.
5. Preexisting health issues
With health issues as preexisting before you became pregnant can elevate risks during the pregnancy term. Thus, working closely with your doctor before getting pregnant is the best. If you are suffering from any of these such as:
- Breathing problems, diabetes, autoimmune disease, depression, heart problems, kidney problems, high blood pressure, obesity, HIV or STDs, etc.
Having a chronic or long-term condition does not mean you should not get pregnant. Nor does it say you will not have a trouble-free pregnancy or a healthy baby. All that is required is more extra care and attention to reduce your baby’s risk and you.
Discuss your condition with your health professional. In case it is an unplanned pregnancy, you can inform your healthcare professionals and get ideas to manage your pregnancy.
It is important to take prescribed medication for your conditions as per the doctor’s instructions until he asks you to stop.
In newborn babies, infections were due to bacteria and viruses. The birth canal of a mother has bacteria if there is an active infection. The baby, during childbirth, may breathe or swallow in the birth canal the fluid. The swallowed viruses or bacteria can get into the blood and lungs.
The newborn sepsis in an infant who is not 28 days old may cause severe infection. A newborn may face infection during, before, or after birth. Newborn sepsis is not easy to identify; thus, early diagnoses and treatment are ideal ways to avoid sepsis.
Bacterial infections may cause fever in infants. It includes blood infections, spinal or brain fluid infections, urinary tract infections known as bacterial meningitis. Now to know if an infant has a bacterial infection is risky and costly.
Thus, to safeguard the baby from common infectious illnesses:
- Thoroughly wash hands
- Stay smoke-free
- Use disposable tissues
- Avoid unwell people
- Keep the environment clean
7. Disorders of metabolism
A baby having a metabolic disorder means the body is unable to break the food down correctly. It means the body has too little or too much of certain substances such as phenylalanine, amino acids, and blood sugar. This can be a major reason for Baby Not Gaining Weight.
The metabolic disorders are mostly inherited, and they come as genetic conditions that cause metabolism disorders. Most people with such metabolic disorders have a troublesome gene causing enzyme deficiency. There are metabolic disorders in different genetics in hundreds. Their symptoms, prognoses, and treatments vary widely.
Disorders of metabolism are inherited genes with rare mutations. Suppose you or your partner has a metabolic disorder in family history. In that case, there is a high chance that your baby has it. The newborn needs to get screening for metabolic disorders.
Doctors may prevent health risks by prescribing high-protein foods. The healthcare practitioners may suggest a formula or a special diet if your baby experiences difficulty metabolizing certain amino acids.
Dangers Of slow weight gain
A breastfed baby gains weight slowly. The reason could be anything. The mother is unable to make enough milk. The baby has medical issues, or the baby cannot get out of the mother’s breast enough milk. It is the healthcare professional of the baby to evaluate the situation for slow weight gain. Some of the dangers causing slow weight gain include:
- Heart problems- Infants with congenital heart problems and cyanosis or congestive heart failure gain weight very slowly. In a month, they gain eight-ounce to one-pound. The growth of a baby also has genetic or hereditary conditions influence. Some congenital heart defects may be due to the baby chromosomes abnormality in the numbers.
- Growth instability- The newborns may face growth problems due to various factors. It may include hormonal disorders, genetics, poor food absorption, and systemic illnesses.
- Malnutrition- Proper nutrition is essential for the good growth and health of your child. If your child is not receiving or eating sufficient calories, there may be trouble. Malnutrition welcomes infections, the immune system, and the delay of the healings.
- Weakened immune systems- The infants’ immune system is weak as the microbes colonize the infant’s bodies. The infants are prone to bacterial infections, permitting beneficial microbes to inhabit the baby’s skin, gut, lungs, and mouth.
- Weak muscle structure- Hypotonia is a condition of decreased muscle tone. It is also known as floppy infant syndrome. The low muscle tone indicates genetic disorder, underlying central nervous disorder, or muscle disorder. These may happen at birth due to a lack of oxygen.
- Lack of energy- If there is a vitamin deficiency, there is the possibility of experiencing tiredness. It also includes having vitamin D, iron, vitamin B12, potassium, or magnesium. However, consult the doctor if you notice your infant is less active or is lethargic.
- Fever- Fever is due to the attempt of the immune system to beat the bugs. During sickness, the breastfeeding frequency should increase so that it receives enough food. Additional food should also be given to your baby to restrict weight loss and promote a speedy recovery.
Learn More About Healthy Growth For Baby
Baby needs breastfeeding in the infant stages, and it is safe. You can also monitor the weight gain of your baby with your healthcare practitioner. Relying on the situation, breastfeed at least partially. You can wean from giving breast milk after 6 months by choosing to switch over to an exclusive pump or infant formula. You may also choose to give a combination of both if Baby Not Gaining Weight.
A safe alternative is infant formula. It is a way of ensuring for many moms that their child is growing as a healthy child and is gaining weight. Acquiring a goal is important as you cannot afford to compromise your baby’s health and growth. A baby not gaining weight cannot be taken lightly or ignored. If there is a need to change the breastfeeding plan, you can try to give your best. Do that is essential to feel good for your baby and yourself.