How Does Insulin Make You Gain Weight?
If you are underweight then you must be wondered does insulin make you gain weight? Please go through this article to know birds and bees.
The word insulin is from the Latin word “insula’ which means island. It is a hormone made in the pancreas. It helps the other cells of the body to convert glucose into energy. It is thereby controlling the level of glucose in the body.
Lack of insulin in the body can cause devastating consequences. It is because the cells of the body become energy-deficient with high glucose circulating in the bloodstream. A lot of body functions will cease without insulin. It is an essential component of metabolism.
Where is insulin produced, and how does it work?
Insulin is produced in the body by the pancreas and is an organ located behind the stomach. The Beta cells of the islets of Langerhans are responsible for the production of this hormone. Then it is released into the bloodstream to various parts of the body.
Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is a vital energy source. It is insulin that allows the cells of the liver, muscles, and fatty tissues to use glucose as an energy source. The excess glucose that is left is then converted into fats (glycogen) and stored. The fats can be converted back to glucose when there are low glucose levels.
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How is the release of glucose controlled?
In healthy people, insulin release is highly sensitive. When you eat, glucose from your diet goes from your gut into your bloodstream. It causes a rise in your blood glucose level. An increase in glucose causes the release of insulin from the pancreas. Then it helps the cells of the body to use up the glucose. As the cells use the glucose, it’s level drops to standard and insulin release slows down at this point.
In times of sudden stress, the release of insulin gets disturbed. Then this leads to a high blood sugar level. It helps the body to cope with stress.
While insulin plays the role of lowering the blood glucose level, another hormone called glucagon that is also produced by the pancreas. That is responsible for raising blood glucose levels when it is too low. Both hormones work to keep the sugar level reasonable.
How Does Insulin Affect Our Health?
When there is high insulin in the body, hypoglycemia occurs, which is characterized by a low sugar level. On the other hand, when it is too little. Your health will also be in jeopardy as there will be a high blood sugar level.
If you can not control your blood sugar level, the pancreas is unable to produce insulin at all. Type 1 diabetes happens, and the patient has to go for insulin therapy. Syringes inject the insulin under the skin into the abdomen, thighs, upper arm, or buttocks.
When the pancreas produces insulin, but the cells of the body cannot use it due to insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes occurs, which can be managed with insulin in some cases and with drugs in most cases.
The symptoms of high blood sugar often include — frequent urination, excessive thirst, and appetite, as well as weight loss, among others.
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How does insulin affect the circulatory system?
Insulin in the bloodstream helps the cells of the body to absorb glucose. The circulatory system delivers insulin to other parts of the body to maintain optimal blood glucose levels. If there is low glucose in your blood, it can cause fatigue, confusion, irritability, and loss of consciousness. High blood glucose levels can result in complications such as kidney damage and damage to the eye and nerves.
How does insulin Make You gain Weight, affect the digestive, excretory, and endocrine system?
How Does Insulin Make You Gain Weight, Affect The Digestive System? The pancreas is an essential organ in the digestive system. It releases insulin into the bloodstream when you eat. Insulin regulates the use and storage of glucose in the liver, muscles, and fat cells for future use. Insulin is very vital in maintaining health. It has to be produced optimally to achieve a healthy body.
What is the connection between insulin and weight gain?
Insulin and weight gain are integral because it is a side effect of insulin therapy that is common to patients. You can control your insulin through proper care. This side effect can be disheartening. Insulin is essential to maintain a healthy weight as a part of your gestational and diabetes management plan.
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So how does insulin make You gain Weight?
Insulin functions by regulating the blood sugar level. By stimulating the cells of the muscles. Liver and fatty tissues to absorb glucose and use it as an energy source. The excess of which is then converted into fats and stored for future use. When we use insulin, much glucose can be absorbed, which leads to weight gain.
Tips for avoiding weight gain while on insulin
Not to worry yourself about weight gain while taking insulin, there are a few tips to help you prevent it, and here they are.
Take your insulin as prescribed.
Do not reduce or skip doses of your insulin just because you want to prevent weight gain. Though you can achieve that, the consequences can be very grave when insulin is not enough in your system. Your blood sugar level rises, and this is not good for you.
Maintain physical activity
Physical activities, such as walking, swimming, dancing, and bicycling, can help burn calories. Engaging in physical exercises helps your body lose weight and to use insulin even more efficiently. You may need to consult your doctor about this as you may need to cut back your insulin dose because exercise makes your blood glucose levels to drop for hours afterward.
Keep track of your calorie consumption.
Eating and drinking low- calorie foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help you prevent weight gain while on insulin. Avoid high calory drinks and go for water instead. You can speak with a dietician on meal-planning for people with diabetes.
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Avoid skipping meals
You are skipping meals to avoid weight gain while on insulin can be a terrible idea. Because when you do so, you become so hungry by your next meal that you can easily make poor diet choices.
Skipping meals may make your blood sugar levels to become so low. And where you do not know how to adjust your insulin dose to strike a balance. You can have an even lower blood glucose level, which can be very dangerous for your health.
Consider taking alternative antidiabetics.
Speak to your doctor about other medications that help regulate your blood glucose level without causing weight gain and which may promote weight loss. You can also ask your doctor about the possibility of including such drugs into your treatment plan to reduce your insulin dose.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What I should keep in mind while using insulin for weight gain?
Don’t use too much doses of insulin as it will increase your weight at a very rapid rate. The most important thing is that your diet must revolve mainly around carbohydrates because that is what directly hits the blood sugar. Always have a keen eye on your blood sugar level as more and more insulin dosage can cause a drastic drop in the blood glucose level that is harmful.
Will the prescribed dose of insulin help with weight gain?
It highly depends on your dosage along with your eating habits and physical activities. A person taking the insulin once a day will gain just a few pounds compared to the one taking many doses. The body doesn’t utilize excess sugar in the blood if your physical activity is low. So insulin will have more sugar in the blood to be absorbed. And more sugar will be converted into fat contributing to weight gain.
How do I stop gaining weight with insulin?
Follow the basic formula of burning more calories than you consume. Exercise on a regular basis is the key to it. Never ever skip meals as it can cause drop in blood glucose. Instead divide the meals into portions. Eat 6 times a day in small portions rather than taking 3 big meals. Taking count of calories will prove to be helpful. Cut your emotional stresses as they cause insulin resistance.
In Conclusion, insulin plays a lot of essential roles in the body. That includes breaking down proteins and fats. Promoting fat storage and most importantly blood glucose regulation which is very crucial in maintaining good health
Insulin can cause weight gain as a side effect though the good news is that this is controllable. Lifestyle, as well as dietary modifications, can be effective strategies to prevent weight gain while on insulin. Hope this article made you clear how does insulin makes you gain weight.