Underweight Vs Overweight Which Is Better?

The debate about Underweight Vs Overweight is mundane, each has its health concerns. As an underweight individual, it may represent health concerns, and it goes the same with overweight individuals, as well. There are negative impacts, and maintaining a healthy weight is essential. It means obtaining a nutritional status helps. There may be a need to make changes in your lifestyle to maintain and acquire a healthy weight. 

People may have a medical illness or genetic background, preventing them from putting on weight or losing weight. In this article, you can get clear about Underweight Vs Overweight.

4 Important Things of Underweight VS Overweight

1. Measuring Mass

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The BMI known as body mass index helps to categorize the weight status of an adult. There is a need to calculate the BMI, taking into account your height, weight, age, and gender. BMI showing lesser to 18.5 is regarded as underweight, and a BMI of 25 or greater is regarded as overweight. A BMI showing 30 or more is regarded as obesity. Now you know the conditions for Underweight Vs Overweight.

2. Causes of Underweight VS Overweight

The causes of underweight Vs overweight are co-relating. There is an imbalance in the calories consumed and expended that it results in overweight and underweight. The results of underweight are due to using more calories than you consumed. This also may be due to the excessive exercise that limits the intake of food dramatically, or the underweight may be due to a health condition that reduces or increases the nutrient needs or absorption.

The overweight cause is due to excess calories. The factors contributing include certain medications, genetics, eating high-calorie foods in plenty, inadequate physical activity, and eating of cakes and cookies, the processed and fast foods in more quantities.

3. Health Concerns

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Underweight Vs overweight is risk factors that may result in premature death. Underweight people are at high risk due to bone thinning resulting in bone fractures, and the chances are high for osteoporosis.

Overweight also includes the risk of osteoarthritis. However, the complications are slightly higher with overweight, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers, liver disease, stroke, and respiratory conditions such as sleep apnea, and asthma. Underweight people are equally at a bit higher risk. 

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4. Nutritional Interventions

Underweight Vs overweight both cause premature death. Being underweight increases the risk for bone fractures and osteoporosis, as per the ‘Journal of American Medical Association’ findings 2007 published. 

Overweight also increases the risk for heart disease, stroke, respiratory conditions, liver disease, certain cancers, diabetes type 2, and so on that there may a slight high-risk causing complications. Clinically underweight people pose a greater risk of death than normal-weight people to 1.8 times, while overweight people risk dying is 1.2 times more than normal-weight people.

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FAQs for Underweight VS Overweight

What are the symptoms of being overweight?

What Are The Symptoms Of Being Overweight

BMI readings offer an accurate measure of an individual is underweight or overweight. A few symptoms of being overweight can be understood through:

Waist measurement: The waist size is the right way of telling and confirming a healthy weight. The circumference of women’s waist more than 35 inches and in men more than 40 inches determines overweight status.

Snoring: Frequently snoring or excessive snoring indicates you must check your weight. Sleep apnea is a lack of night sleep, and it causes stopping and starting of repeatedly breathing while sleeping, resulting in snoring.

Frequent heartburn:  Overweight people experience acid reflux. The other symptoms associated are nausea, belching, abdominal pain, and bitter mouth taste.

Achy joints, osteoarthritis, achy hips or knees, chronic fatigue, and inflammation makes breathing difficult.

What should you do if you are overweight?

What Should You Do If You Are Overweight

If you are overweight, losing around 5% of body weight lowers several diseases risk such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. If the weight loss is slow and steady such as per week around ½ to 2 pounds, at the most per week 3 pounds weight loss is the safest way of losing weight.

It is recommended to get moderate aerobic activity for 150 minutes a week. This can be a brisk walk or biking. Maintaining weight loss needs one to be active per week for over 300 minutes. You may do strengthening muscle activities twice a week. 

A few examples:

Replace unrefined grains with whole-grain options
Fill your plate with vegetables and fruits
Eat lean meats, beans, soy, nuts, beans, seafood, and seeds.

Is it healthy to be overweight?

Overweight does not relate to being healthy. It increases blood pressure. This is also the leading reason to cause strokes. There are chances of developing high blood sugar, high cholesterol, and heart-related diseases.

Can you be underweight healthy?

Underweight relates to nutritional deficiencies. Underweight people may not be consuming a balanced, healthy diet, and this leads to lacking nutrients required for your body. Calcium is a must to have healthy and strong bones. 
Being underweight increases the risk level causing serious health issues.

Women with low weight appear healthy. However, if you experience a sudden loss of weight, it means you are not eating as required to keep your body functional. This may result in serious health issues, and for women, it may cause menstrual cycle problems.

How do I fix being underweight?

Being underweight is not safe, and to enjoy a healthy weight gain, go through these tips:

Go nutrient-dense. Avoid eating foods that add empty calories, such as junk foods. Instead, eat foods rich in nutrients. Build your muscles by including high-protein meats. Choose to include brown rice that is nutritious carbohydrates and other whole grains. It will ascertain there is enough nourishment received by your body as you are trying to fix the issues with reduced appetite causing underweight.

Add healthy calories. There is no need to change your diet practically. Increasing calories by adding seed or nut toppings, healthy side dishes, and cheese are enough. Try sunflower seeds, almonds, whole-grain, fruit, or wheat toast.

Eat mini-meals. People struggling with poor appetite or are underweight may be due to emotional or medical reasons. Eating food in large amounts is not appealing. Thus, underweight people can start with smaller meals such that they can increase the intake of calories.

Snack away. Enjoying snacks containing enough healthy carbohydrates and protein is recommended. Include protein drinks or eat protein bars. Enjoy snacks with good fats, crackers with peanut butter, or hummus that is required to maintain a healthy heart. Include avocados and nuts; it is a good way of snacking healthily.

Bulk up. Performing aerobic exercise too much may burn calories and may defeat your weight goal. However, considering strength training helps, and you can include yoga or weightlifting. You can also gain weight by doing muscle-building exercises.

Talk to your doctor before starting a weight gain program. Being underweight is an underlying health problem. Correcting it instantly with diet changes does not give a result directly. Your doctor can help you in tracking the progress or can suggest healthy changes to fix the underweight issue.

Why underweight is bad?

Underweight is associated with health risks. It relates to poor nutrition. The issue of underweight includes vitamin deficiencies, malnutrition, or anemia, besides osteoporosis due to lack of vitamin D and calcium.

Being underweight is contradictory and inconclusive. It is associated with mortality. It increases the risk of circulatory diseases.

Underweight is a sign of nutrient deficiency. Lack of actual minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants increases the risk of other crucial diseases. Underweight people lack bone strength and iron, leading to fragile bones and anemia.

Underweight people can cause several diseases such as depression, type II diabetes, cancer, hyperthyroidism, immunity diseases, or tumors.

What are the side effects of being underweight?

Underweight people are at risk of health issues, and the side effects are:

Fragile bones– Calcium and vitamin D deficiency with low body weight causes osteoporosis and weak bones.

Delayed development and growth– This delay is apparent in growing children and teens as they need sufficient nutrients to stay healthy and grow.

Anemia– This is caused as a side effect as underweight people do not have iron, vitamins, B12, and folate in plenty. It causes fatigue, dizziness, and headaches.

Weakened immune system– Underweight body does not store energy as it lacks sufficient nutrients. It is tough for the immune system to gain strength and recover.

Fertility issues– Underweight women experience irregular periods, infertility, and lack of periods.

Anemia– Body with low weight experience this condition as they lack vitamins, B12, iron, and folate. It causes fatigue, dizziness, and headaches.

Hair loss– With low body weight, hair thinning is more, and it falls out easily. Besides health issues relating to gums and teeth, it can also cause dry skin.

Read More: Benefits Of Weight Gain

Underweight Vs Overweight Results

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Underweight vs overweight both are worrisome. Underweight is deadlier. People clinically underweight are prone to higher death risk than overweight people. Thus, it is a must to know the number of calories required to have per day to maintain a healthy weight. Attempting to lose or gain weight should be done, taking into account the number of calories required each day.

Losing weight is the first step to acknowledging overweight. There is a need to follow a plan. It includes avoiding fat diets, following healthy eating methods, and controlling calories. Exercising is a must for both underweight and overweight people. Keep away from gimmicky weight loss plans assuring instant results.

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